Modern Holiday Calendar of the Russians

  • Alexandra Frolova Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow
holiday calendar, civil holidays, orthodox holidays, Russia


Holiday is an indispensable condition for social existence of mankind, who have a unique ability to embrace in their lives other people’s joy and cultural experiences of previous generations. Numerous forms of festivities, which are a necessary component of social life of mankind, are one of the manifestations of its social force. Out of a great variety of holidays the article dwells on the most popular much loved Russian festivities, existing in Russia at the beginning of ХХI century. It should be noted that the author adheres to the names and classifications of holidays existing in ethnography and conditionally divides into two groups: 1. civil holidays, among which attention is devoted to public, professional, literary and folk holidays, and 2. orthodox and calendar holidays.


Download data is not yet available.


Anohina, L.A., Shmeleva, M.N. 1977. Byt gorodskogo naselenija srednej polosy RSFSR v proshlom i nastojashhem: na primere gorodov Kaluga, Elec, Efremov. Moskva.
Bakhtin, M.M. 1965. The works of F. Rable and folk culture of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Moscow.
Belousov, Ya. P. 1974. New and old holidays (some philosophical aspects and issues of celebration). Alma-Ata.
Gromyko, M.M. 1975. Labour traditions of the Russian Peasants in Siberia. (XVIII – the first part of ХIX c.). Novosibirsk.
Zhigulsky, K. 1985. Holiday and Culture. Holidays new and old. Moscow.
Kirichenko, O.V. 2011. New forms of the ecclesiastic folk holiday culture (Ethnographist’s notes). Holy Tides of the Russians: from past to present: 78-92. Moscow
Lipinskaya, V.A. 1989. Folk traditions in modern calendar ceremonies and holidays of the Russian population in the Altai territory. The Russians: family and social life: 111-141. Moscow
Listova, T.A. 2011. Orthodoxy in social holidays and Holy Tides of the Soviet and Post-Soviet period (based on the field materials on the borderline area of Russia, Ukraine and Byelorussia). Holy Tides of the Russian: from past to present: 182-202. Moscow
Markar'jan, S.B., Molodjakova, Je.V. 1990. Prazdniki v Japonii. Moskva
Tokarev, S.A. 1999. Selection. Theoretical and historical articles on ethnography and religion of the nations. V.2. Moscow.
Tultseva, L.A. 1992. The modern forms of the ritual culture. The Russians. Ethno-sociological essay: 312-368. Moscow
Tultseva, L.A. 1999. Calendar holidays and ceremonies (based on the materials of XIX-XX cc.). The Russian: 616-646. Moscow
Saburova, L.M. 1966. The Literature on new ceremonies and holidays for 1963–1966 (the main questions and tendencies of the study. Soviet ethnographers 6: 173-182.
Polishchuk, N.S. 1963. On some new features of the collective recreation of the miners and the metallurgists of Nizhniy Tagil. Soviet ethnographers 4: 35–45. Moscow
Polishchuk, N.S. 1999. The Development of Russian Holidays. The Russians: 573-615. Moscow
Rudnev, V.A. 1979. Soviet holidays, ceremonies, rituals. Leningrad.
Rudnev, V.A. 1984. Holidays, ceremonies, rituals in a labour collective. Moscow.
Propp, V.Ya. 1963. Russian agricultural holidays: the experience of historic and ethnographic research. Leningrad.
How to Cite
Frolova, Alexandra. 2013. “Modern Holiday Calendar of the Russians”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 8 (1), 239-57.