Embodiment of the Manhood in Folklore: Keeping Secret from Women in Azerbaijan in the Context of a Real and Virtual Social Environment


  • Hikmet Guliyev Institute of Folklore of National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Information Technology, Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Khazar University
  • Safa Garayev İnstitute of Folklore of National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan




manhood, to keep secrets from women, virtual-social environment, Internet folklore


This article investigates reasons for keeping secrets from women in real and virtual social environment of Azerbaijan through a manhood perspective. The investigation has revealed that the masculinity within the society creates the folklore patterns that prohibit the transfer of the secrets of this gender group to women and on the other hand, prohibit the connection of women with the male social environment.

The attitudes supporting manhood are not expressed directly in the folklore texts, but are articulated sporadically, yet their symbolic manifestations influence all the events in the text. In general, investigating the psychosocial complexes within folklore provides extensive opportunities for the study of creative facts in a projective context. In this article, the embodiment of manhood in folklore has been analyzed based on Azerbaijani fairy-tales, jokes and proverbs. The results of the research reveal that sharing a secret to a woman is constructed as deprivation of manhood in the socio-cultural environment of Azerbaijan.

In this article, the concept of the men’s keeping secrets from the women has also been investigated within the framework of the Azerbaijani-language virtual social environment. The examples from the Internet sources considering Azerbaijani folklore, which have recently become the cultural reality, have been selected and analyzed in order to explain manhood stereotypes. The results of the investigation show that unlike the traditional folklore facts, the concept of the men’s keeping secrets from the women in the virtual social environment is presented in a more ironic and comic manner. The urgency to examine manhood stereotypes in the context of humor and irony is explained through introducing the alternatives to the tradition and free attitude to the stereotypes of Internet folklore.


Download data is not yet available.


Abrahams, Roger D. 1970. “The Negro Stereotype: Negro Folklore and the iots.” The Journal of American Folklore 83 (328): 229–249.

Ajaloglu, A., Baydili, J. 2005. Stories, legends and rumors. Baku: Sharg-Garb.

Alizade, S. 2004. “The Book of Dede Gorgud”. Original and simplified texts. Baku: Onder publishing.

Azarlu, A. 1994. Four books from Tabriz. Baku: Azerneshr.

Bronner S. J. 2009. “Digitizing and Virtualizing Folklore”. İn Folklore and the Internet: Vernacular Expression in a Digital World, edited by Trevor J. Blank, 21-66. Logan: Utah State University Press.

Demir, N. 2017. The ancient epos of Turks: Ulu Han Ata Bitigi. Istanbul: Otuken.

Dundes, A. 1980. Interpreting Folklore. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Dundes, A. 1977. “Jokes and Covert Language Attitudes: The Curious Case of the Wide-Mouth Frog.” Language in Society 6 (2): 141–147.

Dundes, A. 1976. “Projection in Folklore: A Plea for Psychoanalytic Semiotics.” MLN 91 (6): 1500–1533.

Fine, G. A. 1979. “Small Groups and Culture Creation: The Idioculture of Little League Baseball Teams”. American Sociological Review 44 (5): 733–745.

Heggi, B. 2005. Turkish sayings. Baku: Nurlan.

Huseynova, H., Eliyev, E. 2018. Protection of women's rights: international and national aspects. Baku: Baku State University

Huseynova, I. 2018. “Azerbaijan Democratic Republic – as an example of statehood traditions in the Caucasus”. Family, woman, child journal no. 23: 49-54.

Price, J.E. 2016. “Digital Thunderdome: Performing Identity and Creating Community in a Facebook World”. New Directions in Folklore 14 (1/2): 40-59.

Garaja, R. 2016. Azerbaijan argot sayings. Baku: Alatoran.

Guliyev, H. 2022. Archetypal Azeris: faces of mentality. Baku: Qanun

Nabioglu, V., Kazimoglu, M., Asgar, A. 2005. Azerbaijan folklore anthology. Book 12 (Zangazur folklore). Baku: Seda.

Rustamzadeh, I. 2006. Azerbaijan folklore anthology. XVI kitab (Aghdashsh folkloru). Bakı: Seda.

Rustamzadeh, I. 2012a. Garabag: Folklore is a history too. Book 2. Baku: Elm ve Tehsil.

Rustamzade, I. 2012b. Garabag: folklore is also a history. Book 3. Baku: Elm ve tehsil.

Seyidov, N. 2005. Azerbaijani fairy tales V. Baku: East-West.

Suleymanova, L. 2013. Garabag: folklore is also a history. Book 6. Baku: Zardabi.

Tiger, L. 1984. Men in Groups. New York: Marion Boyars Publishers.

Toll, Robert C. 1971. “From Folktype to Stereotype: Images of Slaves in Antebellum Minstrelsy.” Journal of the Folklore Institute 8 (1): 38–47.

Veliyev, F. 2007. “Men's wear”. İn: Ethnography of Azerbaijan. In 3 volumes. Volume II. p. 118-137. Baku: Sharg-Garb.

Zeynalli, H. 2005. Azerbaijan tales. In 5 volumes. Book 1. Baku: Sharg-Garb.

Internet Resources

URL – 1

https://www.facebook.com/519736528047393/photos/rpp.519736528047393/1016940338327007/?type=3&theater Sharing date: November 10, 2015; Date of access: April 11, 2023

URL – 2

https://www.facebook.com/search/top/?q=700%20illik%20%C9%99r-arvad%20skeleti&epa=SERP_TAB Sharing date: July 26, 2018; Date of access: April 11, 2023

URL – 3

https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=2646912275321524&set Sharing date: August 9, 2019; Date of access: April 11, 2023

URL–4 https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2239683812815897&set=a.179230395527926&type=3&theater Sharing date: July 05, 2019; Date of access: April 11, 2023

URL -5

https://www.facebook.com/sumqayitresmisehife/posts/1421796161299793/ Sharing date: May 15, 2018; Date of access: April 11, 2023


From authors’s collage




How to Cite

Guliyev, Hikmet, and Safa Garayev. 2024. “Embodiment of the Manhood in Folklore: Keeping Secret from Women in Azerbaijan in the Context of a Real and Virtual Social Environment ”. Etnoantropološki Problemi Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 18 (4):1195–1219. https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v18i4.8.