Forms of Manifestation of Cannibalism


  • Kristina Pejković PhD Candidate, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia



typology, endocannibalism, exocanniibalism, alimentary, war, ritual cannibalism


The paper presents the typology of cannibalism and forms of its manifestation. It first presents endocannibalism and exocannibalism, as the two most widely defined forms, in which all other types can be included. As special forms of manifestation, which include the ritual dimension, funeral cannibalism and medieval cannibalism, within the ritual of the Eucharist, are singled out. Presented after are the characteristics of war cannibalism that occureed among tribes, but also as a response to European colonization and conquest, in the form of war anti-colonialist movements. The medical and pharmaceutical cannibalistic practices that emerged in medieval Europe and that were based on the beliefs about the healing quality of human blood and body parts are described in particular. As part of this practice, the tradition of treatment with mummies singled out and became very popular in medieval Europe.


Download data is not yet available.


Arens, William. 1979. The Man-Eating Myth: Anthropology and Anthropophagy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Avramescu, Catalin. 2009. An Intellectual History of Cannibalism. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Barker, Francis, Peter Hulme and Margaret Iversen (eds). 1998. Cannibalism and the Colonial World. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Borofsky, Robert. 2005. Yanomami: The Fierce Controversy and What We Can Learn from It. University of California Press.

Brown Paula and Tuzin Donald (eds). 1983. The Ethnography of Cannibalism. Washington, DC: Society for Pshychological Anthropology.

Celestin, Roger 1990. Montaigne and the Cannibals: Toward a Redefinition of Exoticism. Cultural Anthropology 5 (3) 292-313.

Conklin, Beth A. 2001. Consuming Grief: Compassionate Cannibalism in an Amazonian Society. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Ellis, Stephen 1999. The Mask of Anarchy. The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of an African Civil War. New York: New York University Press.

Ezzo, A. David. 2008. Cannibalism in Cross Cultural Perspective. USA: Dog Ear Publishing. New York: Grove Press.

Farb, Peter and George Armelagos. 1980. Consuming Passions: The Anthropology of Eating. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Gillison, Gillian. 1993. Between Culture and Fantasy: A New Guinea Highlands Mythology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Goldman, R. Laurence (ed.). 1999. The Anthropology of Cannibalism. Wesport: Bergin and Garvey.

Gordon-Grube, Karen. 1988. Anthropophagy in post-renaissance Europe: The tradition of medicinal cannibalism. American Anthropologist 90 (2): 405–9.

Greenspan, Brian. 2001. „Cannibals at the core: juicy rumors and the hollow earth chronotope in Ian Wedde's Symmes Hole“. In Eating Their Words: Cannibalism and Boundaris of Cultural Identity, ed. Kristen Guest, 149-167. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Guest, Kristen ed. 2001. Eating Their Words: Cannibalism and Boundaris of Cultural Identity. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Harris, Marvin. 1974. Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches: The Riddles of Culture. New York: Random House.

Harris, Marvin. 1978. Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures. Glagow: Collins/Fontana.

Kilgour M. 1990. From Communion to Cannibalism. An Anatomy of Metaphors of Incorporation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Lestringant, Frank. 1997. Cannibals: The Discovery and Representation of the Cannibal from Columbus to Jules Verne. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Levi-Strauss, Claude. 1969. The Rowed and The Cooked. The University of Chicago Press.

Lindenbaum, Shirley. 2004. Thinking about Cannibalism. Annual Review of Anthropology 33: 475-498.

Lindenbaum, Shirley. 2008. Understanding Kuru: The contribution of anthropology and medicine. The Royal Society Publishing 363 (1510): 3715-20.

Lindenbaum, Shirley. 2013. Kuru Sorcery: Disease and Danger in New Guinea Highlands. Paradigm publishers.

McGlashan, F. Charles. 1947. History of the Donner Party: A Tragedy of the Sierra. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Noble, Louise. 2011. Medicinal Cannibalism in Early Modern English Literature and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan.

Obeyesekere, Gananath. 1997. The Apotheosis of Captain Cook: European Mythmaking in the Pacific Ocean. Princeton University Press.

Obeyesekere, Gananath. 2005. Cannibal Talk: The Man-eating Myth and Human Sacrifice in tha South Seas. CA: University of California Press.

Petrinovich, Lewis. 2000. The Cannibal Within. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Phillips, J. Donald. 2012. Hitler, Religion and Other Types of Cannibalism. Dr. Donald J. Phillips.

Price, L. Merrall. 2003. Consuming Passions: The Uses of Cannibalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. New York: Routledge.

Read, P. Paul. 1974. Alive: The True Story of the Andes Survivors. England: J. B. Lippincott Company.

Rubin, Miri. 1991. Corpus Christi: The Eucharist in Late Medieval Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sahlins, Marshall. 2003. Artificially Maintained Controversies. Anthropology Today 19 (3): 3-5

Salmond, Anne. 1997. Between Worlds: Early Exchanges Between Maori and Europeans, 1773–1815. Auckland: Penguin Viking.

Sanderson, K. Stephen. 2001. The Evolution of Human Sociality: A Darwinian Conflict Perspective. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Simpson, A. W. Brian. 1984 Cannibalism and the Common Law: The Story of the Tragic Last Voyage of the Mignonette and the Strange Legal Proceedings to Which it Gave Rise. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Sutton S. Donald. 1995. Consuming counterrevolution: the ritual and culture of cannibalism in Wuxuan, Guangxi, China, May to July 1968. Society for the Comparative Study of Society and History 37: 136-73.

Takada, Shiguro. 1999. Contingency Cannibalism: The Unmentionable of Superhardcore Survivalism. Colorado: Paladin Press.

Temkin, Owsei. 1971. The Falling Sickness: A History of Epilepsy from the Greeks to the Beginnings of Modern Neurology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Turner, G. Christy and Jacqueline A. Turner. 1999. Man Corn: Cannibalism and Violence in the Prehistoric American Southwest. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

Vardy B. Stevem and Agnes H. Vardy 2007. Cannibalism in Stalin’s Russia and Mao’s China. East European Quarterly XLI (2): 223-238.

Vilnev, Rolan. 2004. Istorija kanibalizma. Beograd i Čačak: Branko Kukić i Umetničko društvo Gradac.

Wistmantel, Mary. 2001. Cholas and Pishtacos: Stories of Races and Sex in the Andes. London and Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Whitehead, L. Neil. 2001. Of Cannibals and Kings: Anthropology in the Americas. The Pennsylvania State University Press.




How to Cite

Pejković, Kristina. 2018. “Forms of Manifestation of Cannibalism”. Etnoantropološki Problemi Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 13 (1):169-92.