Planning implementation of method of observation in social sciences

  • Vladimir Ilić Department of Sociology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
Keywords:
planning observation, participatory and non-participatory observation, sequential analysis, grounded theory

Abstract

The paper deals with the problems while planning the application of method of observation as the primary method for data collection. These include determining the objectives, theoretical and operational elaboration of the research plan and collection of initial evidence from other sources of data that can be used to successfully plan research mainly based on observation. In the first section of the paper it is pointed to the unjustified overemphasis of differences between participatory and non-participatory forms of observation in its planning. The second section shows the possibility of its application to other sources and methods of data collection when planning observations. Special attention is paid to the role of interview and sequential analysis. In the third section, the issues of preparing data analysis in the planning of observation are specifically discussed. The fourth section shows the specificity of the planning of observation, depending on the nature of the data. We also considered the concretization of the plan of observation, including the selection of size, location and time for performing monitoring and positioning one or more observers. The fifth section briefly points to some suggestions about training observers. The concluding section of the paper deals with planning during the observations, with emphasis on grounded theory.

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Published
2016-02-28
How to Cite
Ilić, V. (2016). Planning implementation of method of observation in social sciences. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology, 10(2), 289-309. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v10i2.1