Nursing homes as the perspective and reality of guest workers in old age

  • Ljubica Milosavljević Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
  • Dragana Antonijević Department of Ethnology and Anthropology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
Keywords:
aging guest workers, gastarbeiters, old age, nursing homes, operating strategies

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the results of research conducted as part of the “Ambivalent nostalgia in the cultural heritage of gastarbeiters” project of the Ethnological-anthropological society of Serbia. The research was conducted in Kučevo and Wienna in 2014. The research focused on older guest workers or gastarbeiters who are mostly in the status of disabled pensioners, and seniors whose family members work abroad. An important criterion for determining the gasterbeiter population was entering into the sphere of work in an active capacity, specified by the assumed “temporality” in the country of work; the determination of “seniority” is based on the criteria of exiting the active sphere of work. In this way a new kind of old person, a new kind of pensioner was formed – the foreign currency pensioner whose operating strategies are partly in the focus of this paper. Aside from these strategies, the paper analyzes the strategies employed by the family members of gastarbeiters facing the old age of their relatives who reside in their country of origin either permanently or on a semi-permanent basis; as well as the strategies which the Gerontological Society of Serbia tried to develop in cooperation with the former Ministry of Diaspora RS with the aim of attracting aging gastarbeiters to domestic nursing homes, as well as stimulating the diaspora to invest in such institutions in Serbia. In short, the life experiences and attitudes of 14 pensioners interviewed in Kučevo and Vienna on issues of old age, possible – or ongoing life in a nursing home, the differences and/or similarities between them and other old folks they encountered abroad or at home, as well as experiences with working with the aging gastarbeiter population shared by six employees in a private as well as a public nursing home in Kučevo, will be the object of analysis in this paper.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anić, Josip i Adriana Pavlinić Wolf. 1985. Socijalni i individualni problemi djece migranata. Migracijske teme 2 (1): 43-59.
Antonijević, Dragana, Ana Banić Grubišić i Marija Krstić. 2011. Gastarbajteri - iz svog ugla : kazivanja o životu i socio-ekonomskom položaju gastarbajtera. Etnoantropološki problemi 6 (4): 983-1011.
Antonijević, Dragana. 2011a. Gastarbajter kao liminalno biće: konceptualizacija kulturnog identiteta. Etnoantropološki problemi 6 (4): 1013-1033.
Antonijević, Dragana. 2011b. “Teorijsko-hipotetički okvir za proučavanje kulturnog identiteta gastarbajtera”. U Kulturni identiteti kao nematerijalno kulturno nasleđe: zbornik radova sa naučnog skupa Kulturni identiteti u XIX veku, Bojan Žikić (ur.), 27-42. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar: Odelјenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta.
Antonijević, Dragana. 2012. Faktori izgradnje kulturnog identiteta radnih migranata iz Srbije. Етнолошко-антрополошке свеске N. s. 20 =9: 21-34.
Antonijević, Dragana. 2013a. Stranac ovde, stranac tamo: antropološko istraživanje kulturnog identiteta gastarbajtera. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar: Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta.
Antonijević, Dragana, Marija Krstić i Ana Banić Grubišić. 2013b. Conditions of Labour Migrants in the Republic of Serbia. Preliminary Perspective. Etnoantropološki problemi 8 (2): 385-402.
Browne JP, Boyle CA, McGee HM, et al. 1994. Individual quality of life in the healthy elderly. Quality of Life Research 3:235-244.
Cesare, Francesco. 1974. Expectations and Reality: A Case Study of Return Migration from the United States to Southern Italy. International Migration Review 8 (2): 245-262.
Gmelch, George. 1980. Return Migration. Annual Review of Anthropology 9: 135-159.
King, Russell. 2002. Towards a New Map of European Migration. International Journal of Population Geography 8: 89-106.
Kovač, Senka. 2010. Na životnim raskrsnicama: predstave Beograđana o svojoj starosti. Etnoantropološki problemi 5 (3): 57-74.
Kovačević, Ivan. 2010. Legenda o dedi i Jaffa keksu. Et¬no¬an¬tro¬po¬lo¬ški pro¬ble¬mi 5 (3): 43-55.
Kovačević, Ivan i Marija Krstić. 2011. Između istorije i savremenosti: antropološko proučavanje gastarbajtera u 21. veku. Etnoantropološki problemi 6 (4): 969-982.
Krstić, Marija. 2011. Dijaspora i gostujući radnici u inostranstvu: osnovni pojmovi. Etnoantropološki problemi 6 (2): 295-317.
Крстић, Марија. 2013. "I'm a poor lonesome cowboy and a long way from home...": српски документарни филмови о гастарбајтерима. Etnoantropološki problemi 8 (2): 499-518.
Laz, Cheryl. 1998. Act Your Age. Sociological Forum 13(1): 85-113.
Margolis, Maxine S. 1995. Transnationalism and Popular Culture: The Case of Brazilian Immigrants in the United States. Journal of Popular Culture 29: 29-41.
Markov, Ivaylo. 2012. Migration, Household and Decision-Making Conflicts: The Case of Albanians from the Republic of Macedonia. In Migration and Identity. Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Dimensions of Mobility in the Balkans, Petko Hristov ed., 115 – 129. Sofia: Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum Bulgarian Academy of Sciences – Paradigma.
Marković, Predrag. 2005. Gastarbeiters as the Factor of Modernization in Serbia. Istorija 20. veka 2: 145-163.
Meeberg, Glenda A. 1993. Quality of life: A concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing 18 (1): 32-38.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2008. Formiranje stava o starima kao glasačima kroz medijske izvore. Етнолошке свеске N. s. 12=1: 83-108.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2010a. "Namćori" iz komšiluka: predstavljanje starosti u domaćoj televizijskoj reklami. Etnoantropološki problemi 5 (3): 75-97
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2010b. Konstrukcija starosti: štampa o domovima za stare (1945-1960). Etnoantropološki problemi 5 (2): 165-183.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2011a. Upravljanje vremenom i njegovo vrednovanje starijih pripadnika društva zavisnih od brige i pomoći drugih. Antropologija 11 (2): 215-231.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2011b. Upravljanje vremenom i njegovo vrednovanje kod starijih pripadnika društva. Antropologija 11 (1): 143-159.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2012. Ogledi iz antropologije starosti. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar: Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2014a. Antropologija starosti. Penzije: konstruisanje starosti kao društvenog problema kroz penzije – od prvih penzionera do penzionih fondova. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar: Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta.
Milosavljević, Ljubica. 2014b. Antropologija starosti. Domovi: konstruisanje starosti kao društvenog problema kroz organizovano domsko zbrinjavanje – od sirotinjskih do staračkih domova. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar: Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta.
Noro, A. and S. Aro. 1996. Health – Related Quality of Life among the Least Dependent Institutional Elderly Compared with the Non-Institutional Elderly Population. Quality of Life Research 5/3:355-366.
Urano, Edson I. and Yamamoto, Lucia E. 2008. Social and Economic Support among Migrants and Families Left Behind in Transnational Contexts. International Journal on Multicultural Societies 10(2): 223-239.
Published
2015-07-10
How to Cite
Milosavljević, Ljubica, and Dragana Antonijević. 2015. “Nursing Homes As the Perspective and Reality of Guest Workers in Old Age”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 10 (2), 333-55. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v10i2.3.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>