James George Frazer’s Anthropologic Heritage in the Work of Robert Graves

  • Tomislav M. Pavlović Faculty of Philology and Arts University of Kragujevac
Keywords:
modernism, myth, ritual, comparative method, iconotrophy, carnival, sacrificial king

Abstract

The works of Sir James George Frazer had an outstanding influence on the literature of modernism. Among those who benefited from Frazer’s ritualism were W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot. James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway, D. H. Lawrence, Ezra Pound, Mary Renault, Joseph Campbell, Robert Graves and many others. Robert Graves was known for his famous adaptation of Frazer’s concept of the sacred king who is sacrificed for the benefit of his subjects thus forming the narrative frame for the one of his most controversial novels. The dying king is also identified with the poet striving to attain the favour of the Triple Muse Goddess - who represents the embodiment of true poetic inspiration. The aforementioned concept is not the only thing that Graves inherited from his famous ancestor. In our analysis we laid stress on the customs, rituals, magic symbols and deities both authors dealt with. We also observed a striking resemblance of the style Greves and Frazer developed and their euchemeristic approach to myths as well.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bahtin, Mihail. 1978. Stvaralaštvo Fransoa Rablea. Beograd: Nolit.
Briffault, Robert. 1927. The Mothers: a study of the origins of sentiments and institutions, Volume 2. New York: The Macmillan Company.
Cohen, J. M. 1960. Robert Graves. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.
Connor, Steven. 1950. „Modernity and Myth“. In The Cambridge History of Twentieth Century English Literature, ed. Laura Marcus and Peter Nichols, 251-268. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Čapo, Erik. 2008. Teorije mitologije. Beograd: Clio.
Davis, Robert. 2006. Introduction to My Head! My Head! and King Jesus, vii-xxix. Manchester: Carcanet Press.
Day, Douglas. 1987. „The Coming of the Goddess“. In Robert Graves, ed. Harold Bloom, 41-55. New Haven: Chelsea House Publishers.
Eliot, T. S. 1975. “Ulysses, Order and Myth”. In Selected Prose, ed. Frank Kermode, 175-179. London: Faber and Faber.
Evans-Pritchard E. E. 1982. Essays in Social Anthropology. London: Faber and Faber u Reč izdavača, Zlatna Grana, 5-8. Beograd: Ivanišević.
Frejzer, Džordž. 2003. Zlatna Grana. Beograd: Ivanišević.
Graves, Robert. 1988. In Broken Images, Selected Correspondence of Robert Graves, ed. Paul O’Prey. Mt Kisco NY: Moyer Bell.
Graves, Robert. 1989. The Art of Poetry XI; Robert Graves, Peter Buchman and William Fifield/1060 from the Paris review, 47 (1969), 119-145. In Conversations with Robert Graves, ed. Frank Kersnowski, 93-108. Jackson MS. University Press of Mississippi.
Graves, Robert, 2003. The Story of Mary Powell, Wife to Mr Milton, and The Isles of Unwisdom. Manchester: Carcanet Press.
Graves, Robert. 2004. „Answer to a Religious Questionnaire“. In Some Speculations on Literature, History and Religion, 283-287. Manchester: Carcanet Press.
Grejvz, Robert. 2004. Bela boginja, Istorijska gramatika pesničkog mita. Beograd: Dosije i Službeni list SCG.
Grevs, Robert. 1991. Uvod u Grčki mitovi, 13-26. Beograd: Nolit.
Grevs, Robert. 2003a. Istorijski komentar u Kralj Isus, 430-435. Beograd: Alnari.
Grevs, Robert, 2003b. Klaudije car i bog i njegova žena Mesalina, Beograd: Akia M. Princ.
Grevs, Robert. 2003c. Uvod u Zlatno runo, 5-28. Beograd: Akia M. Princ.
Harrison, Jane. 1991. Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Jursenar, Margerit. 2004. Beleške u Hadrijanovi memoari, 37-348. Beograd: Novosti.
Meletinski, E. M. 1988. Poetika mita. Beograd: Nolit.
Presley, John Woodrow. 2003. “Graves’s Other Obssession: King Jesus, The Nazarene Gospel Restored and Jesus in Rome”. In Graves and the Goddess ed. Grevel Lindop and Ian Firla, 166-183. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna University Press.
Seymour-Smith, Martin. 1995. Robert Graves: His Life and Work. London: Hutchinson.
Snipes, Katherine. 1979. Robert Graves. New York: Frederick Unghar Publishing Co.
Solar, Milivoj. 1988. Roman i mit, Književnost - ideologija – mitologija. Zagreb: August Cesarec.
Trilling, Lionel. 2004. „On the teaching of Modern Literature“. In Literature, Culture, Identity: Introducing XX Century literary theory, ed. Lena Petrović, 77-91. Niš: Prosveta.
Published
2011-05-30
How to Cite
Pavlović, Tomislav. 2011. “James George Frazer’s Anthropologic Heritage in the Work of Robert Graves”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 6 (2), 349-64. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v6i2.4.