Sandwiches with Ham and Cheese, Vita Juice and Music from Gramophone Records: Celebrations of Children's Birthdays in Belgrade during The Period of Socialism

  • Aleksandar Krel Institute of Ethnography SASA, Belgrade
  • Jadranka Đorđević Crnobrnja Institute of Ethnography SASA, Belgrade
Keywords:
children’s birthday parties, socialism, consumerist society, Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Republic of Serbia

Abstract

The paper presents the results of our research on the social and cultural practices of celebrating children’s birthdays in Belgrade, the capital of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Children’s birthday parties are examined as a social construct with functions which are developed and modified according to their social and cultural significance. The research on this cultural and social phenomenon is based on the analysis and interpretation of the narratives (empirical material) of our interlocutors. The chronological frame extends from 1945 until 1991, i.e. over the period of the socialist social system. Since the majority of our interlocutors spoke about the way birthday parties were celebrated in the 70s and the 80s, i.e. at the time of their childhood, the research is focused on that period of time. In Yugoslav and Serbian socialist society this was a social and cultural practice with multiple functions: it served as a substitute for the religious customs related to childbirth and the baptizing of children; it homogenized the family and kinship structure; it was a channel  for exteriorizing parental affection towards the children; side by side with the transformation into the consumerist society it became the instrument for creating and consolidating the complex net of social relationships which informed the broader social environment about the level of financial and social power of the organizers.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dimitrijević, Branislav. 2016. Potrošeni socijalizam. Kultura, konzumerizam i društvena imaginacija u Jugoslaviji (1950-1974). Beograd: Edicija Reč.
Duda, Igor. 2005. U potrazi za blagostanjem. O povijesti dokolice i potrošačkog društva u Hrvatskoj 1950-ih i 1960-ih. Zagreb: Srednja Europa.
Duda, Igor. 2010. Pronađeno blagostanje. Svakodnevni život i potrošačka kulutra u Hrvatskoj 1970-ih i 1980-ih. Zagreb: Srednja Europa.
Duda, Igor. 2013. „Djeca socijalističke domovine. Izgrađivanje pionirske tradicije u Hrvatskoj 1950-ih godina.“ U Socijalizam na klupi. Jugoslavensko društvo očima nove postjugoslavenske humanistike, uredile Lada Duraković i Andrea Matošević, 75-101. Pula (Pola), Zagreb: Sveučilište Jurja Dobrile u Puli.
Đorđević, Jadranka. 2000. „Običaji o rođenju i srodnički odnosi u Vranju“. U Životni ciklus, uredili Radost Ivanova, Valentina Vaseva, Evgenija Krasteva-Blagoeva, 37-48. Sofia: Etnografski institut sa muzejem.
Đorđević, Jadranka. 2001. Srodnički odnosi u Vranju. Posebna izdanja knj. 45. Beograd: Etnografski institut SANU.
Erdei, Ildiko. 2012. Čekajući Ikeu. Potrošačka kultura u postsocijalizmu i pre njega. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar i Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Beogradu.
Gašić, Ranka. 2005. Beograd u hodu ka Evropi. Kulturni uticaji Britanije i Nemačke na beogradsku elitu 1918–1941. Beograd: Institut za savremenu istoriju.
Ilić, Marija. 2010. „Usmeni diskurs Srba iz Čipa u Mađarskoj: između kolektivnog i individualnog.” Doktorska dis. Beograd: Filološki fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu.
Ivanova, Radost, Ana Luleva i Račko Popov eds. 2003. „Socijalizam: Realnost i iluzija. Etnološki aspekti svakodnevne kulture“. U Zbornik radova sa međunarodne naučne konferencije. Sofia: Etnografski institut sa muzejem – BAN.
Krel, Aleksandar i Đorđević Crnobrnja, Jadranka. 2017. „Proslava dečijih rođendana u Beogradu: nekada i sada (rezultati preliminarnih istraživanja)”. U Tradicija i sovremenost vo Makedonija i Srbija, uredila Katerina Petrovska-Kuzmanova, 61-71. Skopje: Institut za folklor „Marko Cepenkov”.
Krel, Aleksandar and Jadranka Đorđević Crnobrnja. 2018. “The celebration of children's birthdays in Belgrade and consumer society“. In Prospects for anthropological research in South-East Europe, edited by Marina Martynova, Ivana Bašić, 135-152. Мoscow: N. N. Miklouho-Maklay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Russian Academy of Sciences, Belgrade: Institute of Ethnography Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Lučić Teodosić, Ivana. 2002. Od trokinga do tvista. Igranke u Beogradu 1944-1963. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar.
Malešević, Miroslava i Bratić, Dobrila. 1983. „O proslavljanju dečijih rođendana”. U Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU XXXII, uredila Desanka Nikolić, 87-99. Beograd: Etnografski institut SANU.
Marković, Predrag. 1996. Beograd između Istoka i Zapada. Beograd: Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika.
Timotijević, Miroslav. 2006. Rađanje moderne privatnosti. Beograd: Clio.
Staton-Smit, Brajan. 1989. Igračke i kultura. Beograd: Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva.
Velimirović, Danijela. 2008. Aleksandar Joksimović, Moda i identitet. Beograd: Utopija.
Vučetić, Radina. 2012. Koka-kola socijalizam. Amerikanizacija jugoslovenske popularne kulture šezdesetih godina 20. veka. Beograd: Službeni Glasnik.
Zindhauzen, Holm. 2008. Istorija Srbije od 19. do 21. veka. Beograd: Clio.
Zlatanović, Sanja. 2018. Etnička identifikacija na posleratnom području: srpska zajednica jugoistočnog Kosova. Posebna izdanja knj. 89. Beograd: Etnografski institut SANU.
Published
2021-07-19
How to Cite
Krel, Aleksandar, and Jadranka Crnobrnja. 2021. “Sandwiches With Ham and Cheese, Vita Juice and Music from Gramophone Records: Celebrations of Children’s Birthdays in Belgrade During The Period of Socialism”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 16 (2), 491–507. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v16i2.7.