Inscriptions on the Interior of the 30th Dynasty Coffin of Nefer-renepet from Akhmim

  • Branislav Anđelković Department of Archaeology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
  • Jonathan P. Elias AMSC Research, LLC, Carlisle
Keywords:
Stundenwachen texts, Book of Day, Book of Night, Nefer-renepet, coffin’s interior decoration, Akhmim, 30th Dynasty

Abstract

The anthropoid wooden coffin with plinth (L. 183.5 cm), datable to the mid–4th century B.C. (30th Dynasty), names Nefer-renepet, a dancer of Min from Akhmim. This object represents one of the artistically and technically superior coffins produced by Late Period Egyptian coffin workshops. It was formerly part of the Amherst collection, and was purchased by Ernest Brummer at a Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge auction in London in 1921, then donated the same year to the National Museum in Belgrade. The interior of the lid is distinguished by a remarkable ‘gliding Nut motif with upward streaming hair’ (an extremely important iconographic element) while the interior of the trough is dominated by a line drawing of Imentet wearing a diagonallyveined maat-feather on her head. The interior decoration includes inscriptions written on the side facets. Written hastily in whitish-yellow line on a rough ground of thick black pigment (in contrast to the fine outer decoration of the coffin) these barely legible Stundenwachen texts, are nonetheless significant, and are to be identified as abbreviated texts derived from the Book of Day and Book of Night. They are a manifestation of Late Period magical symbolism stemming from New Kingdom funerary compositions. Their presence on the coffin, however hurried, was intended to ease Nefer-renepet’s passage through the netherworld. Since 1992 the coffin of Nefer-renepet is kept in the Archaeological Collection of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allen, Thomas G. Trans. 1974. The Book of the Dead or Going Forth by Day. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 37. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Anđelković, Branislav. 2002a. “Egyptian Antiquities in the Museums of Serbia”. In Egyptian Museum Collections around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, eds. Mamdouh Eldamaty and Mai Trad, 39–50. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities.
Anđelković, Branislav. 2002b. The Ancient Egyptian Collection in the National Museum of Belgrade. Journal of the Serbian Archaeological Society 18: 211–224. (Serbian, English summary)
Anđelković, Branislav. 2015. “Formation and Composition of the Egyptian Collections in Serbia”. In A History of Research into Ancient Egyptian Culture Conducted in Southeast Europe, ed. Mladen Tomorad, 107–115. Archaeopress Egyptology 8. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Anđelković, Branislav and Jonathan P. Elias. 2013. Ernest Brummer and the Coffin of Nefer-renepet from Akhmim. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology (Belgrade) n.s. 8/2: 565–584.
Anđelković, Branislav and Emily Teeter. 2015. A Coffin Dispersed: Case-study of 21st Dynasty Coffin Fragments (Timişoara 1142–1146, Budapest 51.325). Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology n.s. 10/1: 209–221.
Brech, Ruth. 2008. Spätägyptische Särge aus Achmim: Eine typologische und chronologische Studie. Aegyptiaca Hamburgensia 3. Gladbeck: PeWe-Verlag.
Brunner, Hellmut and Helmut Pitsch. 1984. „Ein Sarg der Spätzeit aus Hierkonpolis“. In Studien zu Sprache und Religion Ägyptens 2: Religion. Zu Ehren von Wolfhart Westendorf überreicht von seinen Freunden und Schülern, 1071–1094/Tafeln. Göttingen: Seminar für Aegyptologie.
Chassinat, Émile. 1928. Le Temple d’Edfou 3. Cairo: Institut français d’archéologie orientale.
Darnell, John C. 2004. The Enigmatic Netherworld Books of the Solar-Osirian Unity. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 198. Fribourg: Academic Press – Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.
Doll, Susan K. 1978. Texts and Decoration on the Napatan Sarcophagi of Anlamani and Aspelta. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Brandeis University. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International.
Gardiner, Alan H. 1978. Egyptian Grammar. Oxford: Griffith Institute – Ashmolean Museum.
Junker, Hermann. 1910. Die Stundenwachen in den Osirismysterien nach den Inschriften von Dendera, Edfu und Philae. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, phil.-hist. Kl. 54/1. Wien: Alfred Holder.
Lise, Giorgio. 1979. Museo Archeologico Raccolta Egizia. Milan: Electa Editrice.
Montet, Pierre, Georges Goyon, Alexandre Lé zine, Pernette Montet-Lé zine, Jean Yoyotte and Camille Montet-Beaucour. 1960. Les Constructions et le Tombeau de Chéchanq III à Tanis. Paris: Mission Montet.
Moret, Alexandre. 1913. Sarcophages Catalogue générale des Antiquités Égyptiennes du Musée du Caire, Nos. 41001–41041. Cairo: Institute Français d’Archéologie Orientale de Musée du Caire.
Neugebauer, Otto and Richard A. Parker. 1969. Egyptian Astronomical Texts 3: Decans, Planets, Constellations and Zodiacs. Plates. Providence, RI and London: Brown University Press and Lund Humphreys.
Niwinski, Andrzej. 1987–1988. The Solar-Osirian Unity as Principle of the Theology of the ‘State of Amun’ in the 21st Dynasty. Jaarbericht ex Oriente Lux 30: 89–106.
N. N. 1921. Catalogue of the Amherst Collection of Egyptian & Oriental Antiquities: which will be sold by auction by Messers. Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge. London: Dryden Press.
Panić-Štorh, Miroslava. 1997. “Ancient Egyptian Anthropoid Coffin from the National Museum in Belgrade”. In Mélanges d’histoire et d’épigraphie offerts à Fanoula Papazoglou, ed. Miroslava Mirković, 71–87. Belgrade: Faculté de Philosophie.
Piankoff, Alexander. 1934. The Sky-Goddess Nut and the Night Journey of the Sun. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 20: 57–61.
Piankoff, Alexander. 1942a. Le Livre du Jour et de la Nuit. With Étienne Drioton, Bibliothèque d’ètude 13. Le Caire: Impr. de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale.
Piankoff, Alexander. 1942b. Le Livre du Jour dans la Tombe (No132) de Ramose. Annals du Service des Antiquités de l’Égypte 61: 151–158.
Piankoff, Alexander (trans.) and Natasha Rambova (ed.). 1954. The Tomb of Ramesses VI. Bollingen Series XL.1 pt. 1, Texts, pt. 2 Portfolio of Plates. New York: Bollingen Foundation, Pantheon Books.
Porter, Bertha and Rosalind L.B. Moss. 1973. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings I, The Theban Necropolis 2. Royal Tombs and Smaller Cemeteries. Oxford: Griffith Institute – Ashmolean Museum.
Roberson, Joshua. 2007. An Enigmatic Wall from the Cenotaph of Seti I at Abydos, Re-Considered. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 43: 93–107.
Thomas, Elizabeth. 1956. Solar Barks Prow to Prow. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 42: 65–79.
Wilfong, Terry G. 2013. Life, Death, and Afterlife in Ancient Egypt. The Djehutymose Coffin in the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. Ann Arbor, MI: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology.
Published
2015-09-15
How to Cite
Anđelković, Branislav, and Jonathan Elias. 2015. “Inscriptions on the Interior of the 30th Dynasty Coffin of Nefer-Renepet from Akhmim”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 10 (3), 701-16. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v10i3.7.