The Joke – a(n) (Un)Important Form of Humor

  • Vesna Trifunović The Institute of Ethnography SASA Belgrade
Keywords:
joke, humor, forms of humor, folklore

Abstract

The joke is a form of humor that has not received as much attention by Serbian folkloristics and anthropology as it deserves. A possible reason for this is that the joke is so thoroughly incorporated into everyday communication that it tends to be overlooked. Furthermore, the joke as a form of humor has not even been adequately recognized, witness the lack of an adequate definition and the fact that it is frequently confused with similiar forms of folklore, such as the (vic). This paper examines the form, use and meaning of the joke in Serbian society today, and then proceeds to offer a distinct definition of the joke, at the same time specifying the distinctions between the joke and similar forms of humor. Finally, it addresses the question of the place that the joke should be assigned in folklore material, and also its significance in anthropological and folkloristic research.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alford, Finnegan. Alford Richard. 1981. A Holo-Cultural Study of Humor. Ethos 9 (2).

Apte, Mahadev L. 1985. Humor and Laughter: An Antropological Approach, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Attardo, Salvatore. Hempelmann, Christian F. Di Maio, Sara. 2002. Script oppositions and logical mechanisms: Modeling incongruities and their resolutions. Youngstown State University and University of Siena: Walter de Gruyter.

Banović, Branko. 2008. Urbani humor Pljevalja. Opština Pljevlja.

Ben-Amos, Dan. 1973. The “Myth” of Jewish Humor. Western Folklore 32 (2).

Ben-Amos, Dan. 1971. Toward a Definition of Folklore in Context. Journal of American Folklore 84/331.

Berger, Arthur Asa. 1993. An Anatomy of Humor. Transaction Publishers – The State University: New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Davis, Murray S. 1995. The Sociology of Humor: A Stillborn Field? Sociological Forum 10 (2).

Dégh, Linda. 1983. The Jokes of an Irishman in a Multiethnic Urban Environment, Jahrbuchfür Volksliedforschung, 27. Jahrg. Festschrift für Lutz Röhrich zum 60, Geburtstag.

Douglas, Mary. 1968. The Social Control of Cognition: Some Factors in Joke Perception. Man, New Series, 3 (3).

Dundes, Alan. 1964. Text, texture and Context. Southern Folklore Quarterly 28.

Dundes, Alan. 1979. Dead Baby Joke Cycle. Western Folklore 38 (3).

Ellis, Bill. 2001. A Model for Collecting and Interpreting World Trade Center Disaster Jokes. New Directions in Folklore 5 (October).

Fine, Gary Alan. 2005. Joking cultures: humor themes as social regulation in group life. Humor. Walter de Gruyter.

Fine, Gary Alan. 1988. Dying for a Laugh: Negotiating Risk and Creating Personas in the Humor of Mushroom Collectors. Western Folklore 47.

Frojd, Sigmund. 1979. Dosetka i njen odnos prema nesvesnom. Novi Sad: Matica srpska.

Holmes, Janet. 2000. Politeness, Power and Provocation: How Humor Functions in the Workplace, Discourse Studies 2 (2).

Jakobson, Roman i Pjotr Bogatirjov. 1971. Folklor kao naročit oblik stvaralaštva. U: Maja Bošković Stuli (ur.), Usmena književnost. Zagreb.

Kleut, Marija. 1993. Beleženje i pričanje viceva. Folklor u Vojvodini, Sveska 7. Novi Sad.

Krstić, Marija. 2009. „Kursadžije“ – Terapeutska uspavanka? Analiza popularne humorističke serije. Antropologija 7.

Latković, Vido. 1967. Narodna književnost I. Beograd: Naučna knjiga.

Ljuboja, Gordana. 2001. Etnički humor XX veka u humorističkoj štampi Srbije. Beograd: Etnografski muzej.

Ljubinković, Nenad. 1976. Šalјive narodne priče. Beograd: Rad.

McEntire, Nancy Cassell. 2002. Purpurseful Deceptions of the April Fool. Western Folklore 61 (2).

McGhee, Paul E. 1979. Humor – Its Origin and Development. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company.

Mitchell, Carol A. 1977, The Sexual Perspective in the Appreciation and Interpretation of Jokes. Western Folklore 36 (4).

Milošević-Đorđević, Nada. 1974. Književna istorija I. Beograd.

Milošević-Đorđević, Nada. 2006. Od bajke do izreke. Beograd: Društvo za srpski jezik i književnost Srbije.

Milošević-Đorđević, Nada, Radmila Pešić. 1984. Narodna književnostt. Beograd: Vuk Karadžić.

Nikolić, Desanka. 1997. Anegdota – izraz erskog mentaliteta. Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU XLVI.

Oring, Elliott. 1987. Jokes and the Discourse on Disaster. The Journal of American Folklore 100 (397).

Pešić, Radmila. Milošević-Đorđević, Nada. 1997. Narodna književnost II. Beograd :Trebnik.

Preston, Cathy Lynn. 1994. „Cinderella“ as a Dirty Joke: Gender, Multivocality and the Polysemic Text. Western Folklore 53 (1).

Rad XXXVII kongresa SUFJ. 1990. Plitvička jezera, Zagreb.

Radovanović, Milorad. 2003. Sociolingvistika. Novi Sad: Izdavačka knjižarnica Zorana Stojanovića Sremski Karlovci.

Raskin, Victor. Attardo, Salvatore. 1991. Script theory revis(it)ed: joke similarity and joke representation model. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research 4(3/4).

Redklif-Braun, A. R. 1982, Struktura i funkcija u primitivnom društvu. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek, Prosveta,.

Rečnik književnih termina. 1985. Beograd: Nolit.

Rečnik književnih termina.1992. Beograd: Nolit.

Samardžija, Snežana. 2006. Odlike šalјive narodne pripovetke: antologija. Kruševac: Gutenbergova galaksija.

Sackett, Robert Eben. 1987. Images of the Jew: Popular Joketelling in Munich on the Eve of World War I. Theory and Society 16 (4).

Smyth, Willie. 1986. Challenger Jokes and the Humor of Disaster. Western Folklore 45 (4).

Stevanović, Lada. 2009. Laughing at the Funeral: gender and anthropology in the Greek funerary rites. SASA Institute of Ethnography 69.

Stevanović, Lada. 2007. Ridiculed Death and the Dead: Black Humor. Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU, LV (1).

Thomas, Jeannie B, 1997. Dumb Blondes, Dan Quayle and Hillary Clinton: Gender, Sexuality and Stupidity in Jokes. The Journal of American Folklore 110 (437).

Trifunović, Vesna. 2007. Bazične tehnike humora po Arturu Asi Bergeru. Etnoantropološki problemi 2 (2).

Trifunović, Vesna. 2009. Likovi domaćih viceva: socijalni tipovi lude u domaćim vicevima. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar, Etnološka biblioteka, knj. 43.

Veatch, Thomas C. 1998, A Theory of Humor. Humor: The International Journal of Humor Research. Walter de Gruyter, May.

Zlatković, Branko. 2007. Usmena narodna anegdota. Književnost i jezik. 54 (3-4).
Published
2011-05-30