The Festival Order – Music Stages of Power and Pleasure

  • Miroslava Lukić-Krstanović The Institute of Ethnography SASA Belgrade
music festival, bureaucracy, politics, order, popular culture, global, local, power


Music festivals consist of a complex of interactions and social and cultural experiences. This paper analyzes music festivals in SE Europe in their function as a planetary prouction, combining regional cross-cultural perspectives and local politics. At the beginning of the 1990s music events in SE Europe (concerts, festivals, cultural happenings) were either a part of political conflict, antagonisms and economic crises, or they were included in the music world through the cultural contacts of global achievements – the music net and industry. Music festivals become the arena and scene of a contradictory reality in these places, being made up of individual, group interests, needs, establishment strategy and politics. To illustrate this phenomenon the paper presents the biggest festivals and spectacles in Serbia and SE Europe: EXIT festival (Novi Sad) attracted thousands of techno and rock lovers with the participation of many famous bands; and the folk trumpet playing festival (Guča), which each summer for several decades has been attracting thousands of lovers of ethno sound to a fair-carnival atmosphere. This ethnological research stresses complex property divisions – lifestyle, music genres, political strategies, scene movements and economic interests.


Download data is not yet available.


Čolović, Ivan. 2006. Etno, Priče o muzici sveta na Internetu. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Gatherer, Derek. 2006. Comparison of Eurovision Song Contest Simulation with Actual Results Reveals Shifting of Collusive Voting Alliances. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 9 (2). []

Gordi, Erik D. 2001. Kultura vlasti u Srbiji, Nacionalizam i razaranje alternative. Beograd: Samizdat B92.

Grillo, R. D. 2003. Cultural essentialism and cultural anxiety. Anthropological theory 3 (2). London: Sage Publications, 157-173.

Janjatović, Petar. 1998. Ilustrovana Yu rock enciklopedija 1960 – 1997. Beograd: Geopoetika.

Kronja, Ivana. 2001. Naknadna razmatranja o turbo – foliku, Medijska kultura 90-tih: politika spektakla. Kultura 102. Beograd: Zavod za proučavanje kulturnog razvitka, 8-18.

Lukić Krstanović, Miroslava. 2003. Mass gatherings seen as political and Cultural Events: Social Dramas and Spectacles. Гласник Етнографског института САНУ (Bulletin of Ethnographical Institute SASA), L-LI. Beograd: Etnografski institut SANU, 23-33.

Luković, Petar. 1989. Bolja prošlost: Prizori iz muzičkog života Jugoslavije 1940 – 1989. Београд: Младост.

Lukić Krstanović, Miroslava. 2007. Spektakli XX veka: političke arene i kulturne scene u Srbiji. U: Kultura u transformaciji /20th Century Spectacles: Political Arenas and Cultural Scenes in Serbia. In: Culture in Transformation. Zbornik Etnografskog instituta SANU 23. Beograd: Etnografski institut SANU, 169-188.

MacAloon, John J. 1984. Olimpic Games and the Theory of Spectacle in Modern Society. In: John J. MacAloon (ed.). Rite, Drama, festival, Spectacle. Philadelph-ia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, Inc., 261-275.

Maffesoli, Michel. 1996. The time of the Tribes, The Decline of Individualism in Mass Society. London: Sage Publication.

Simić, Marina. 2006. EXIT u Evropu: Popularna muzika i politike identiteta u sa-vremenoj Srbiji /EXIT to Europe: Popular music and political identity in Con-temporay Serbia. Kultura, Časopis za teoriju i sociologiju culture i kulturnu politiku 116/117. Beograd: Zavod za proučvanje kulturnog razvitka.

Žižek, Slavoj. 1996. Metastaze uživanja. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.