Between Heterotopy and Ideology: On the Realities of Reality TV in Serbia

  • Srđan Prodanović Institute for philosophy and social theory, University of Belgrade
Keywords:
reality TV, heterotopy, media democratization, social domination

Abstract

In this paper we will try to explain the phenomenon of reality TV using Foucault's concept of heterotopia. First, we will consider some of the major theoretical dilemmas that go together with the emergence of this television format, which primarily concerns the degree of democratization of contemporary media, as well as the degree of exploitation of "ordinary actors". We will also claim that ambivalence and hybridity are an inherent feature of television, and that, as we will show in the second part, they can be more comprehensively theoretically understood if we approach them as a specific kind of heterotopia. We will then use the local modifications of the format in order to illustrate the way in which the heterotopic nature of the reality TV offers to its viewers a specific (quasi)reflection regarding the structural features of the giving society that, in fact, only contributes to its further fragmentation.

References

Andrejevic, Mark. 2003. Reality TV: The Work of Being Watched. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Bignell, Jonathan. 2014. “Realism and Reality Formats.” In A Companion to Reality Television, edited by Laurie Ouellette, 116–33. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Collins, Sue. 2008. “Making the Most out of 15: Reality TV’s Dispensable Celebrity.” Television & New Media 9 (2): 87–110.

Couldry, Nick. 2005. Media Rituals: A Critical Approach. London: Routledge.

Fuko, Mišel. 2005. Mišel Fuko 1926-1984-2004 hrestomatija, uredili Pavle Milenković i Dušan Marinković. Novi Sad: Vojvođanska sociološka asocijacija.

Goffman, Erving. 1974. Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hallin, Daniel C. 2008. “Neoliberalism, Social Movements and Change in Media Systems in the Late Twentieth Century.” In The Media and Social Theory, edited by David Hesmondhalgh and Jason Toynbee, 43–58. London: Routledge.

Hartley, John. 1999. Uses of Television. 1 edition. London - New York: Routledge.

Hesmondhalgh, David. 2008. “Neoliberalism, Imperialism and the Media.” In Media and Social Theory, edited by David Hesmondhalgh and Jason Toynbee, 95–111. London: Routledge.

Hill, Annette. 2014. “Reality TV Experiences.” In A Companion to Reality Television, edited by Laurie Ouellette, 116–33. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Lumby, Catharine. 2003. “Real Appeal: The Ethics of Reality TV.” In Remote Control: New Media, New Ethics, edited by Catharine Lumby and Elspeth Probyn. Cambridge - Port Melbourne - Vic: Cambridge University Press.

Mathisen, Thomas. 1997. “The Viewer Society: Michel Foucault’s `Panopticon’ Revisited.” Theoretical Criminology 1 (2): 215–34.

Milin-Perković, Snežana, i Marijana Matović. 2014. “Rijaliti programi u Srbiji i ‘neprimereni sadržaj.’”Godišnjak Fakulteta političkih nauka 8 (11): 131–46.

Milin-Perković, Snežana. 2012. “Mejkover Televizija i mit o lepoti.” Kultura, no. 136: 108–22.

Mitrović, Marijana. 2008. “Serbia – From Miki and Kupinovo to Europe: Public Performance and the Social Role of Celebrity.” Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU 56 (2): 117–31.

Nabi, Robin L., Erica N. Biely, Sara J. Morgan, and Carmen R. Stitt. 2003. “Reality-Based Television Programming and the Psychology of Its Appeal.” Media Psychology 5 (4): 303–30.

Namkosse, Baya Bangue. 2009. „Rialiti” televizijski format sa posebnim osvrtom na emisiju „Veliki brat”.” CM Communication and Media 4 (10): 49–70.

Nikolić, Mirjana. 2010. “Etika medija – između lične, profesionalne i društvene odgovrnosti.” Kultura, no.127: 35–51.

Ouellette, Laurie J. 2009. “Take Responsibility for Yourself: Judge Judy and the Neoliberal Citizen: Remaking Television Culture” 2nd Edition. In Reality TV: Remaking Television Culture 2nd Edition, edited by Laurie Ouellette, 223–42. New York: NYU Press.

Papacharissi, Zizi, and Andrew L. Mendelson. 2007. “An Exploratory Study of Reality Appeal: Uses and Gratifications of Reality TV Shows.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 51 (2): 355–70.

Prodanović, Srđan, i Predrag Krstić. 2012. “Javni prostor i slobodno delanje: Fuko vs. Lefevr.” Sociologija 54 (3): 423–436.

Radulović, Lidija, i Ildiko Erdei. 2017. “‘Veliki brat vas gleda’/‘Vi gledate Velikog brata’. Fenomen (nad)gledanja i imperativ gledanosti u rijaliti programu.” Etnoantropološki problemi 12 (1): 19–50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v12i1.1

Reiss, Steven, and James Wiltz. 2004. “Why People Watch Reality TV.” Media Psychology 6 (4): 363–78.

Skeggs, Beverley. 2005. “The Making of Class and Gender through Visualizing Moral Subject.” Sociology 39 (5): 965–82.

Skeggs, Beverley. 2009. “The Moral Economy of Person Production: The Class Relations of Self-Performance on ‘Reality’ Television.” The Sociological Review 57 (4): 626–44.

Turner, Graeme. 2013. Understanding Celebrity. Second edition. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Valić-Nedeljković, Dubravka. 2011. “Rijaliti programi – izjednačavanje javnog i privatnog diskursa.” Kultura, no.133: 289–305.

Volcic, Zala, and Karmen Erjavec. 2013. “Commercial and Sexualized Nationalism on Serbian Reality TV.” International Journal of Cultural Studies 16 (6): 597–614.

Volčič, Zala, and Karmen Erjavec. 2015. “Watching Pink Reality TV.” Feminist Media Studies 15 (1): 74–91.

Vujanović, Ana. 2002. “Javni nastup i društvena uloga.” Kultura, no. 102: 54–62.

Vukadinović, Maja. 2013. Zvezde supermarket kulture. Beograd: Clio.

Vuksanović, Divna. 2010. “Etika i disleksija: granice medijske kulture.” Kultura, no.127: 102–118.

Wood, Helen, and Beverley Skeggs. 2011. Reality Television and Class. 2011 edition. London - New York: British Film Institute.
Published
2019-03-26
How to Cite
Prodanović, S. (2019). Between Heterotopy and Ideology: On the Realities of Reality TV in Serbia. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology, 14(1), 203–222. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v14i1.8