Labor market performance in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina from a gender perspective

  • Ognjen Radonjić Department of Sociology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
  • Isidora Jarić Department of Sociology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
Keywords:
labor market, economic growth and development, gender equality, discrimination against women

Abstract

In this paper we analyze some aspects of the efficiency of labor markets in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina and compare resulting outcomes with the outcomes of labor markets efficiency in selected economies of the European Union. A particular focus of our analysis is on gender equality, due to the fact that not only gender inequality negatively affects the quality of life of individuals and society in general, but also can produce significant macroeconomic losses which negatively affect economic growth and development. When formulating policy that aims to increase the employability and income of the local population, our recommendation to governments, non-governmental and supranational institutions is to simultaneously take all necessary steps in order to provide women equal access to labor markets. This primarily refers to equality in access to newly created jobs, the uniformity of wages for a work with equal qualification, equal access to employment in formal economy, equal safety at work, equal access to social safety net etc.

References

Agencija za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine. 2012. Diplomirani studenti u Bosni i Hercegovini po nivoima studija 2012. godine.
Aguirre, DeAnne, Leila Hoteit, Christine Rupp and Karim Sabbagh. 2012. Empowering the Third Billion. Women and the World of Work in 2012. Booz and Company. Dostupno na: http://www.strategyand.pwc.com/media/uploads/Strategyand_Empowering-the-Third-Billion_Full-Report.pdf
Alderman, Harold and Marito Garcia. 1992. Food Security and Health Security: Explaining the Levels of Nutrition in Pakistan. Agricultural Policies. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. Dostupno na: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/IW3P/IB/1992/02/01/000009265_3961002105047/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf
Anketa o radnoj snazi (ARS), Bosna i Hercegovina. 2007. Agencija za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine.
Anketa o radnoj snazi (ARS), Bosna i Hercegovina. 2012. Agencija za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine.
Anketa o radnoj snazi (ARS), Crna Gora. 2007. Zavod za statistiku Crne Gore.
Anketa o radnoj snazi (ARS), Crna Gora. 2012. Zavod za statistiku Crne Gore.
Anketa o radnoj snazi (ARS), Srbija. 2007. Republički zavod za statistiku Republike Srbije.
Anketa o radnoj snazi (ARS), Srbija. 2012. Republički zavod za statistiku Republike Srbije.
Barsh, Joanna and Lareina Yee. 2012. Unlocking the Full Potential of Women at Work. McKinsey & Company/Wall Street Journal. Dostupno na:
http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/womenreportnew.pdf
CONGRAD projekat, Dostupno na: www. congrad.org
Dasgupta, Partha. 1993. An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Elborgh-Woytek, Katrin, Monique Newiak, Kalpana Kochhar, Stefania Fabrizio, Kangni Kpodar, Philippe Wingender, Benedict Clements and Gerd Schwartz. 2013. Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains From Gender Equity. IMF Staff Discussion Note. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
Elson, Diane, Barbara Evers and Jasmine Gideon. 1997. Gender Aware Country Economic Reports: Concepts and Sources. Working Paper No. 1, GENECON Unit: University of Manchester.

Eurostat. Dostupno na: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/population/data/database
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Macroeconomic data. Dostupno na: http://www.ebrd.com/pages/research/economics/data.shtml#beeps
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Transition Report 2013. Dostupno na: http://www.ebrd.com/pages/research/publications/flagships/transition.shtml
Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014. 2014. Geneva: World Economic Forum. Dostupno na: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2013-14.pdf
International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2014. World Economic Outlook October 2014, Dostupno na: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2014/02/weodata/index.aspx
International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2012. Country Report No. 12/208, Japan. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
Kovtun, Dmitriy, Alexis Meyer Cirkel, Zuzana Murgasova, Dustin Smith and Suchanan Tambunlertchai. 2014. Boosting Job Growth in the Western Balkans. IMF Working Paper, Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
Lewis, W. Arthur. 1963. The Theory of Economic Growth. London: Allen & Unwi.
Nafziger, E. Wayne. 2006. Economic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Plan International. 2008. Paying the Price: The Economic Cost of Failing to Educate Girls. England: Plan International. Dostupno na: http://plan-international.org/about-plan/resources/publications/education/cover-of-school-improvement-program-paying-the-price-the-economic-cost-of-failing-to-educate-girls/
Rati, Ram. 1996. Level of development and rates of return to schooling: Some estimates from multicountry data. Economic Development and Cultural Change 44: 839–857.
Republički zavod za statistiku Republike Srbije. 2012. Diplomirani studenti u Srbiji po nivoima studija 2012. godine.
Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. New York: Knopf.
Todaro, P. Michael and Stephen C. Smith. 2012. Economic Development. Boston: Addison-Wesley.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 1997. Human Development under Transition: Europe and CIS. New York: UNDP.
World Bank. 2013. World Development Indicators 2013. Dostupno na: http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/worlddevelopment-indicators
Zavod za statistiku Crne Gore. 2012. Diplomirani studenti u Crnoj Gori po nivoima studija 2012. godine.
Published
2016-02-28
How to Cite
Radonjić, O., & Jarić, I. (2016). Labor market performance in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina from a gender perspective. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology, 10(1), 223-246. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/EAP.V10.I1.12
Section
Other Humanities and Social Sciences