The Oedipus Tale Type in Azerbaijani: Folklore and its Socio-Psychological Semantics
Keywords:Oedipus tale type, incest taboo, son’s point of view
In this article, I analyze tales collected from Azerbaijani territories from a psycho-semantic perspective, specifically pertaining to the Oedipus tale type (AT: 931, 933). The incest taboo, a common theme in Azerbaijani society, is discouraged in these tales through symbolic behaviors. In these tales, which were collected in different Azerbaijani territories at different times, the transgression of the taboo of incest firstly happens between sisters and brothers, later between mothers and sons. When we approach the fairy tale plots presented in the context of the Oedipus complex, it becomes clear that these fairy tales are also organized on the basis of the son’s point of view. This is evident in the tales because of their descriptions of the father—a common character in the Oedipus tale type—as the culprit of all anti-social and unethical problems. In the texts I present, the heroes of the tales generally derive from the disruption of the incest taboo between the sister and the brother, who has been left to die. I argue that the baby born as a result of dismantling the incest taboo—being removed from the chain (or from the family environment) of the social relations by the parents to be left to die and later living and not recognizing his mother—is portrayed as the main fact in the explanation of the events’ semantics.
Abali, N. 2011. “Incest in folk narratives.” Master’s Thesis. Ankara: Bilkent University.
Balaman, A. R. 2002. Marriage Relation Kinds (Social Anthropological Attitude). Ankara: Publishing Culture Ministry.
Biesele, M. 1995. “Oedipus in Bushman Folklore.” In Oedipus: A Folklore Casebook, edited by Lowell Edmunds and Alan Dundes, 39-41. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Dundes, A. 1997. From Game to War and Other Psychoanalytic Essays on Folklore. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky.
Eerola K. A. 2019. “The Oedipus myth and its analogues, especially its characteristic manifestation in Finnish folk tales.” The Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review 42:103-111.
Havilland W. A. 2008. Cultural Anthropology. Translated by Inan Deniz. Istanbul: Kaknus Publishing.
Karpati, M. 1995. “An Oedipus Myth in Gypsy Tradition.” In Oedipus: A Folklore Casebook, edited by Lowell Edmunds and Alan Dundes, 23-28. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Lessa, W. A. 1995. “Oedipus-Type Tales in Oceania.” In Oedipus: A Folklore Casebook, edited by Lowell Edmunds and Alan Dundes, 56-76. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Masson, J. M. 1985. The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess, 1887-1904. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Rustamov R. Ə. and Shiraliyev M. Ş. 1967. West group dialects and accents of the Azerbaijani language. Baku: Academy of Sciences.
SMOMPK. 1890. “Collection of materials for location details and tribes of the Caucasus.” Tbilisi 9 (2):184-189.
Spiro, M. E. 1995. “The Oedipus Complex in Burma.” In Oedipus: A Folklore Casebook, edited by Lowell Edmunds and Alan Dundes, 203-215. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Southall, A. W. 1995. “Oedipus in Alur Folklore.” In Oedipus: A Folklore Casebook, edited by Lowell Edmunds and Alan Dundes, 35-39. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Safa Garayev
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.