Neither “Celtic” nor “Dacian”: The Site of Židovar at the Edges of La Tène, Carpathian and Roman Worlds

Authors

  • Vladimir D. Mihajlović Department of History, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Marko A. Janković Archaeological collection of Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Serbia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v16i3.8

Keywords:

Židovar, late Iron Age, Roman period, connectivity, cultural localization, “Celts”, “Dacians”

Abstract

The paper reviews long-standing interpretation of the late Iron Age site of Židovar as “Celtic”, “Dacian” and “Celto-Dacian”. Arguing that this standpoint is derived from biased culture-historical ethno-determinism, the evidence is reconsidered from excavation journals of Branko Gavela and published research on Židovar. Evidential basis is discussed, such as sratigraphic difficulties and chronology, as well as some common misconceptions of the site’s characteristics. Deadlocks are emphasized regarding the conclusions on its ethnic belonging. The paper calls for a new approach that goes beyond ethno-cultural determinism and urges the employment of “relational locality”. This perspective considers the site and its immediate surroundings as the first order community, i.e. the spatio-social focal point entangled in diverse, multidirectional and supra-regional relational networks. This would mean that the community of Židovar actively mediated different templates coming from the “globalized” koines of La Tène Pannonian, Danubian-Carpathian and Roman worlds, and bricolaged them in distinctive local ways.

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Abbreviations

ŽEJ – Židovar Excavation Journals, Unpublished field documentation kept in the Archaeological collection of Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade.

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Published

2021-11-16

How to Cite

D. Mihajlović, Vladimir, and Marko A. Janković. 2021. “Neither “Celtic” nor ‘Dacian’: The Site of Židovar at the Edges of La Tène, Carpathian and Roman Worlds”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 16 (3):795–833. https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v16i3.8.