Pseudo-scholarly imagining the past and the process of globalization: the case of ex-Yu

Authors

  • Vesna Manojlović Nikolić Department of History, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Vladimir D. Mihajlović Department of History, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v11i4.5

Keywords:

globalization, anti-globalization, pseudo-history/archaeology, fabrication of the past, media

Abstract

The paper discuses connection between the process of globalization and pseudo-scholarly interpretations of the past. First of two links the paper points to concerns the tendency to compensate discontent created by cultural globalization with belief in different and better past. The second link between the effects of globalization and pseudo-historical/archaeological imagining the past is the tendency of pseudo-scholars to use the global means of communication in order to hit the broadest possible audience. Using the case study of the former SFR Yugoslavia we argue that the process of transition towards global world, happening after the escalation of nationalisms in the region, contributes the sense of national, regional and local identity-crisis, and in turn causes the urge to create fictitious pasts. Also we emphasize that the wide usage of internet by pseudo-scholars enables their interpretations to become available to large number of people and in that way shape their viewpoints to past and present.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adams, Laura, Miguel Centeno and Charles Varner. 2007. „Resistance to Cultural Globalization – A Comparative Analysis“. In The Cultures and Globalization Series 1: Conflicts and Tensions, eds. Helmut K. Anheier and Yudhishthir R. Isar, 80-89. London: SAGE Publications.

Arnold, Bettina. 1990. The past as propaganda: totalitarian archaeology in Nazi Germany. Antiquity 64: 464-478.

Ashworth, Gregory J., Brian Graham and John E. Tunbridge. 2007. Pluralising Pasts: Heritage, Identity and Place in Multicultural Societies. London: Pluto Press.

Аssmann, Аleida. 2006. „The Printing and the Internet: From a Culture of Memory to a Culture of Attention“. In Globalization, Cultural Identities, and Media Representations, eds. Natascha Gentz and Stefan Kramer, 11-23. Albany: State University New York Press.

Bassett, Alecia. 2013. Pseudo-archeology: the appropriation and commercialization of cultural heritage. Spectrum (Fall) 2013 (3): 61-67.

Berger, Peter, L. 2002. „The Cultural Dynamics of Globalization“. In Many Globalizations: Cultural Diversity in the Contemporary World, eds. Peter L. Berger and Samuel P. Huntington, 1-16. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Biehl, Peter F., Alexander Gramsch and Arkadiusz Marciniak eds. 2002. Archäologien Europas: Geschichte, Methoden und Theorien/ Archeologies of Europe: History, Methods and Theories. Tübinger Archäologische Taschenbücher 3. Münster: Waxmann.

Bunčić, Sonja, M. 2012. Dvadeset godina procesa privatizacije u zemljama na prostoru bivše Jugoslavije: modeli i rezultati. Srpska politička misao 2 (2012): 201-222.

Burdije, Pjer. 2000. Narcisovo ogledalo: Rasprava o televizijskom novinarstvu. Beograd: Clio.

Caldwell, Melissa L. and Eriberto P. Lozada Jr. 2007. „The Fate of the Local“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 498-515. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Conversi, Daniele. 2010. „Globalization, ethnic conflict, and nationalism“. In The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies, ed. Bryan S. Turner, 346-366. Abingdon: Routledge.

Crawford, Beverly. 2007. „Globalization and Cultural Conflict: An Institutional Approach“. In The Cultures and Globalization Series 1: Conflicts and Tensions, eds. Helmut K. Anheier and Yudhishthir R. Isar, 31-50. London: SAGE Publications.

Dissanayake, Wimal. 2006. „Globalization and the Experience of Culture: the Ressilience of Nationhood“. In Globalization, Cultural Identities, and Media Representations, eds. Natascha Gentz and Stefan Kramer, 25-44. Albany: State University New York Press.

Džino, Danijel. 2014. „Bosanske piramide“: Pseudoarheologija i konstrukcija društvene zbilje u daytonskoj Bosni i Hercegovini. Status 17: 245-252.

Đorđević, Jelena. 2009. Postkultura. Beograd: Clio.

Erdei, Ildiko. 2012. Čekajući Ikeu. Potrošačka kultura u postsocijalizmu i pre njega. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar i Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju.

Fagan, Garret G. ed. 2006. Archaeological Fantasies: How pseudoarchaeology mispresents the past and misleads the public. London and New York: Routledge.

Friedman, Jonathan. 2008. „The Imposition of Modernity: A New Tribalism“. In Modernities, Class, and the Contradictions of Globalization: The Anthropology of Global Systems, eds. Kajsa Ekholm Friedman and Jonathan Friedman, 239-262. London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, INC.

Garašanin, Milutin. 1996. Razgovori o arheologiji (prir. Staša Babić i Miodrag Tomović). Beograd: 3T.

Gelernter, Lior and Motti Regev. 2010. „Internet and Globalization“. In The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies, ed. Bryan S. Turner, 62-76. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gramsch, Alexander and Urlike Sommer eds. 2011. A History of Central European Archaeology. Budapest: Archaeolingua Alapítvány.

Graves-Brown, Paul, Siân Jones and Clive Gamble eds. 1996. Cultural Identity and Archeology: The Constructions of European Communitie. London and New York: Routledge.

Hobsbom, Erik i Terens Rejndžer ur. 2011. Izmišljanje tradicije. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Jenkins, Keith. 1995. On ’What is History?’. From Carr and Elton to Rorty and White. London and New York: Routledge.

Jović, Nikola. 2013. Kultura i globalizacija – suprotstavljena tumačenja. Godišnjak VII (9) (Fakultet političkih nauka): 65-80.

Jugović, Aleksandra. L. 2012. Medijske (bez)vrednosti u tranzicionom vremenu – Esej o duhu sadašnjosti. Socijalna misao 1 (2012): 173-183.

Kellner Douglas and Clayton Pierce. 2007. „Media and Globalization“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 383-395. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing,

Kulenović, Nina. 2012. Ufologija: poreklo jedne “nauke” u popularnoj kulturi. Etnoantrpološki problemi 7 (2): 381-399.

Kuljić, Todor. 2014. Izmišljanje tradicije na Zapadnom Balkanu. Pristupljeno 25. oktobra. http://www.kczr.org/download/tekstovi/todor_kuljic_izmisljanje_proslosti_na_zapadnom_balkanu.pdf;

Lee, Richard E. 2005. Globalization, Language, and Culture. New York: Chelsea House Publishing.

Lomonosov, Matvey. 2012. Illyrianism Bosnian Style Balkan antiquity in contemporary national mythology and idenity construction among the Bosniaks. The South Slav Journal 31 (3-4): 61-83.

Lowenthal, David. 1998. The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Matijević, Nikolina. 2012. Tranzicioni i konsolidacioni procesi u Hrvatskoj i Srbiji: komparativna analiza. Politička revija 11 (3): 225-250.

Mennell, Stephen. 2010. „Globalization and Americanization“. In: The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies, ed. Bryan S. Turner, 554-567. Abingdon: Routledge.

Mijić, Emilija. 2012. Recentna spomenička kultura zapadnog Balkana: Pop-heroji i tradicija. Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Centar za proučavanje folklora i popularne kulture. http://www.anthroserbia.org/Content/PDF/Publications/540ccaf21a79471eb8af9ec79a3e4e52.pdf (preuzeto 05. 06. 2016.)

Niezen, Ronald. 2004. A World Beyond Difference: Cultural Identity in the Age of Globalization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Olsen, Bjørnar. 2002. Od predmeta do teksta: teorijske perspektive arheoloških istraživanja. Beograd: Geopoetika.

Palavestra, Aleksandar. 2010. Izmišljanje tradicije: “vinčansko pismo”. Etnoantropološki problemi n.s. 5/2: 239-258.

– – –. 2011. Kulturni konteksti arheologije. Beograd: Filozofski fakultet.

Radić, Radivoje. 2003. Srbi pre Adama i posle njega: istorija jedne zloupotrebe: slovo protiv“novoromantičara“. Beograd: Stubovi kulture.

Rantanen, Terhi. 2004. The Media and Globalization. London: SAGE Publications.

Ritzer, George. 2003. Rethinking Globalization: Glocalization/Grobalization and Something/Nothing. Sociological Theory 21 (3): 193-209.

Robertson, Roland, Kathleen E. White. 2007. „What is Globalization?“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 54-66. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Robinson, William I. 2007. „Theories of Globalization“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 125-143. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Škergo, Ante. 2007. Jesu li bosanski muslimani, odnosno Bošnjaci, potomci japodskog plemena Posena?. Franjevačka teologija 2007: 295-302.

Smith, Laurajane. 2006. Uses of Heritage. London: Routledge.

Southgate, Beverly. 1996. History: What and Why? Ancient, modern and postmodern perspectives. London and New York: Routledge.

– – –. 2005. What is History For?. London and New York: Routledge.

Sparks, Colin. 2007. Globalization, Development and the Mass Media. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

Srejović, Dragoslav. 1999. Tri značajna arheološka otkrića za koja je vezan moj život. Razvitak 213-214: 60-74.

Steger, Manfred B. 2007. „Globalization and Ideology“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 367-382. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Storey, John. 2003. Inventing Popular Culture: From Folklore to Globalization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Thomas, Julian. 2004. Archaeology and Modernity. London and New York: Routledge.

Tomlinson, John. 2007. „Cultural Globalization“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 352-366. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Trifunović, Vesna. 2011. Postsocijalistička transformacija i novi oblici identifikacije u društvu Srbije. Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU 59 (2): 149-169.

– – –. 2012. Aspekti posmatranja i identifikacije gubitnika i dobitnika tranzicije u društvu Srbije. Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU 60/2:125-138.

Trifunović, Vesna, S. 2012. Kulturna politika u Srbiji: problem centra i periferije. Teme 36/4: 1487-1506.

Tumber, Howard, and Frank Webster. 2007. „Globalization and Information and Communication Technologies: The Case of War“. In The Blackwell Companion to Globalization, ed. George Ritzer, 396-413. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Turner, Bryan S. 2010. „Theories of globalization: issues and origins“. In The Routledge International Handbook of Globalization Studies, ed. Bryan S. Turner, 3-22. Abingdon: Routledge.

Volcic, Zala. 2010. „The Struggle to Express, Create and Represent in the Balkans“. In The Cultures and Globalization Series 3: Cultural Expression, Creativity & Innovation, eds. Helmut K. Anheier, Yudhishthir R. Isar, 158-165. London: SAGE Publications.

Vranić, Ivan. 2014. Arheologija u javnosti i medijima: kratak uvod u teorijske osnove dijaloga o nasleđu. Etnoantropološki problemi 9 (3): 591-607.

Vuković, Jasna i Vujović, Miroslav. 2014. Od informacije do poruke: arheologija i mediji u Srbiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 9 (3): 609-624.

Žakula, Sonja. 2012. Da li kiborzi sanjaju biomehaničke ovce: telo i hiperrealnost. Antrolopolija 12 (2): 43-61.

Živković, Marko. 2012. Srpski sanovnik: nacionalni imaginarijum u vreme Miloševića. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Downloads

Published

2016-12-08

How to Cite

Manojlović Nikolić, Vesna, and Vladimir D. Mihajlović. 2016. “Pseudo-Scholarly Imagining the past and the Process of Globalization: The Case of Ex-Yu”. Etnoantropološki Problemi / Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 11 (4):1055-72. https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v11i4.5.

Most read articles by the same author(s)