Hegemony for Beginners: Egyptian Activity in the Southern Levant during the Second Half of the Fourth Millennium B.C

  • Branislav Anđelković Department of Archaeology Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade
Keywords:
Egypt, Dynasty 0, Canaan, Early Bronze IB, paleopolitics, province, copper

Abstract

After a modest start in the mid-20th century, thousands of Protodynastic Egyptian objects have been unearthed and identified as such in the Southern Levant, including serekh-signs of several Dynasty 0 (Narmer, "Double Falcon", Ny-Hor, IryHor, Ka), and 1st Dynasty (Hor Aha) pharaohs. The explanatory models presented so far fail to integrate the totality of the archaeologically manifested parameters, especially considering the impact of the last fifteen years of finds and their contextual and other analysis, into the proper semiotic matrix. The conundrum of Egyptian activity in the Southern Levant displays, at the same time, features of a small-scale trading partner, a colonizer, and a suzerain. Egyptian pottery of local origin provides an indication of a south-north flow of the Egyptian daily-life repertoire of pottery types, or rather their contents, between the Egyptian-related sites, that clearly demonstrates an Egyptian distribution system operating on an intra-regional level in the Early Bronze IB Southern Levant. The ‘Egyptian phenomenon’ is far from being unique since reestablishment of a similar geopolitical pattern, only on a considerably greater scale, can be recognized during the New Kingdom – the Egyptian province in Asia.

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Published
2012-09-17
How to Cite
Anđelković, Branislav. 2012. “Hegemony for Beginners: Egyptian Activity in the Southern Levant During the Second Half of the Fourth Millennium B.C”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 7 (3), 793-807. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v7i3.9.