“Turbo-folk Rocks!”: New Readings of Turbo-folk

  • Nina Kulenović Department and Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
  • Ana Banić Grubišić Department and Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
Keywords:
turbo-folk, turbotronik, counter elitism, postmodernism, bricolage, cultural heritage

Abstract

The subject of this paper is the ethnographic mapping of the origins of the new alternative scene, based on turbo-folk. Mainly located in Belgrade, this alternative scene has been swindling, over the last couple of years, as the circle of artists (Mangulica FM, Lenhart Tapes, Mega Denke, Gianni Druid, Bombe Devedesetih and others), who freely combine turbo-folk genre with other music forms (electronic music, rap and others) to fulfill modern audience needs. In this research, we will rely on the standpoint that the term “turbo-folk” is not only a tool for music genre’s description, but also a value connotated “floating signifier”, which pumps its content from the certain community’s symbolic repertoire. Turbo-folk showed its symbolic strength in the academic and non-academic discourse, as a tool for cultural switching on/switching off during the last decade of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first century, when it was instrumentalised as the constitutive otherness of “urban” (“elite”, “civilised”, “educated”, “cosmopolitan”) population. The basic assumption of this paper is that the disagreement about classifications, the focus of which is turbo-folk, is rehabilitated, recontextualized and revaluated. In this study, we will re-examine the hypothesis saying that the new alternative scene, which is the subject of this research, endeavours to instrumentalise turbo-folk as an arbor of “urban elite’s” cultural critique, its authority and legitimacy of its classification categories.

References

Archer, Rory. 2012. Assessing Turbofolk Controversies: Popular Music between the Nation and the Balkans. Southeastern Europe 36: 178-207.

Baker, Catherine. 2006. The Politics of Performance: Transnationalism and its Limits in Former Yugoslav Popular Music, 1999-2004. Ethnopolitics 5(3): 275-293.

Baker, Catherine. 2007. „The concept of turbofolk in Croatia: inclusion/exclusion in the construction of national musical identity“. In Nation in formation: inclusion and exclusion in central and eastern Europe, ed. Catherine Baker, Christopher J Gerry, Barbara Madaj, Liz Mellish and Jana Nahodilová. London: SSEES Publications.[dostupno na: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b372/c1621b4463120b6f399165917d49f33cc795.pdf]

Banić Grubišić, Ana i Nina Kulenović. 2019. Turbotronik – na granici između lokalne muzičke scene i žanra u nastajanju. Etnoantropološki problemi 14(1): 26-46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v14i1.1

Bauman, Zygmunt. 1995. The Dream of Purity. Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 86: 49-60.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996[1979]. Distinction. A Social Critique of the Judgment. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Cvetičanin, Neven. 2018. Slepe ulice istorije: elita. Beograd: Arhipelag.

Ćirjaković, Zoran. 2004. Turbofolk – naš a svetski. NIN, 21.10. 2004.

Ćirjaković, Zoran 2012. Muški snovi, neoliberalne fantazije i zvuk oklevetane modernosti. Sarajevske sveske 39/40: 89-114.

Čolović, Ivan. 2000. Divlja književnost. Beograd: XX vek.

Čolović, Ivan. 2004. Balkan u naraciji o World muzici u Srbiji. Zvuk 24: 59-62.

Čvoro, Uroš. 2012. Remember the Nineties? Turbo-folk as the Vanishing Mediator of Nationalism. Cultural Politics 8(1): 121-137.

Dimitrijević, Branislav. 2002. Globalni turbo-folk. NIN, 20.7.2002.

Dragićević – Šešić, Milena. 1994. Neofolk kultura: publika i njene zvezde. Sremski Karlovci: Izdavačka knjižarnica Zorana Stojanovića.

Đerić, Gordana. 2009. Stereotip i studije o Balkanu. Antropologija 9: 11-26.

Đorđević, Ivan. 2010. Identitetske politike u ritmu „lakih nota“. Recepcija neo-folk muzike u Sloveniji. Traditiones 39(1): 137-153.

Đurić, Ljubica i Mladen Ćirić. 2015. Metaforička i metonimijska konceptualizacija ljubavi u tekstovima turbo-folk pesama ženskih izvođača. Jezici i kulture u vremenu i prostoru 4(1): 55-67.

Đurković, Miša. 2002. Ideologizacija turbo-folka. Kultura 102: 19-33.

Đurković, Miša. 2005. Ideološki i politički sukobi oko turbo-folka. Filozofija i društvo 25: 271-284.

Đurković, Miša. 2009. Slika, zvuk i moć. Ogledi iz pop-politike. Beograd: Krug Commerce.

Đurković, Miša. 2013. Rokenrol i nova narodna muzika u Srbiji i Jugoslaviji. Sociološki pregled XLVII(2); 231-247.

Frith, Simon. 1996. „Music and Identity“. In Questions of Cultural Identity, eds. Stuart Hall and Paul du Gay, 108-127. London: SAGE

Grujić, Marija. 2009. Community and the Popular: Women, Nation and Turbo-Folk in Post-Yugoslav Serbia. CEU, Budapest: PhD Thesis.

Gotthardi Pavlovsky, Aleksej. 2014. Narodnjaci i turbofolk u Hrvatskoj. Zašto ih (ne) volimo? Zagreb: Naklada Ljevak.

Gordy, Erik. 1999. The Culture of Power in Serbia. Nationalism and the Destruction of Alternatives. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Gordy, Erik. 2005. Reflecting on The Culture of Power, Ten Years On. Facta Universitatis 4(1): 11-19.

Hofman, Ana. 2013. „Ko se boji šunda još? Muzička cenzura u Jugoslaviji“. U Socijalizam na klupi: Jugoslovensko društvo u očima nove jugoslavenske humanistike, Lada Duraković i Andrea Matošević ur., 281-316. Pula – Zagreb: Srednja Evropa.

Jansen, Stef. 2005. Antinacionalizam. Etnografija otpora u Beogradu i Zagrebu. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Kovačević, Ivan i Marija Ristivojević. 2014. Antropologija muzike: od folka do roka. Etnoantropološki problemi 9(4): 1067-1083. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v9i4.13

Kronja, Ivana. 2001. Smrtonosni sjaj: masovna psihologija i estetika turbo-folka. Beograd: Tehnokratia.

Kronja, Ivana. 2011. Naknadna razmatranja o turbo-folku. Kultura 102: 8-18.

Kronja, Ivana. 2004. Turbo Folk and Dance Music in 1990s Serbia: Media, Ideology and the Production of Spectatle. The Anthropology of East Europe Review 22(1): 103-114.

Krstić, Predrag. 2014. Spor oko prosvetiteljstva: istorija i savremenost jedne kontroverze. Doktorska disertacija, Beograd: Filozofski fakultet u Beogradu.

Lamont, Michèle and Virág Molnár. 2002. The Study of Boundaries in the Social Sciences. Review of Sociology 28: 167-195.

Lindholm, Charles. 1997. Logical and Moral Dilemmas of Postmodernism. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 3(4): 747/760.

Mijatović, Brana. 2008. „Throwing Stones at the System“: Rock Music in Serbia During the 1990s. Music and Politics 2(2): 1-20.

Milanović, Nevena. 2018. Novi život kafane: disolucija „sjajnog trećeg mesta“. Etnoantropološki problemi 13(4): 971-985. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v13i4.4

Mitrović, Marijana. 2011. „Nepodnošljiva lakoća“ (subverzije) nacionalizma: estradna tela u postsocijalističkoj Srbiji. Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU 59(2): 125-148.

Mitrović, Marijana. 2017. Uloga popularne muzike u konstruisanju rodnih identiteta u postsocijalističkoj Srbiji. Doktorska disertacija.

Pišev, Marko. 2011. „Balkanizam i osmansko kulturno nasleđe u savremenoj Srbiji: između negacije i autoegzotizacije“. U: Kulturno nasleđe: zbornik radova sa naučnog skupa Kulturni identiteti u XXI veku, Bojan Žikić (ur.), 73-92. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar i Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Beogradu.

Prica, Ines. 1988. Mitsko poimanje naroda u kritici novokomponovane narodne muzike. Kultura 80/81: 80-93.

Radović, Srđan. 2010. Juče na Balkanu, danas u vašem stanu. Nekoliko zapažanja o neofolk muzici među publikom u Sloveniji. Traditiones 39(1): 123-135.

Raković, Aleksandar. 2011. Bit moda, rokenrol i generacijski sukob u Jugoslaviji 1965-1967. Etnoantropološki problemi 6(3): 745-762.

Rašić, Miloš. 2018. Turbotronik: studija slučaja Lenharta Tapesa i Mirjane Raić. Etnoantropološki problemi 13(4): 951-969. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v13i4.3

Ristivojević, Marija. 2012. Proučavanje muzike u antropologiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 7(2): 471-486. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v7i2.8

Ristivojević, Marija. 2013. Muzika kao kulturni fenomen. Etnoantropološki problemi 8(2): 441-451. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v8i2.5

Simić, Marina. 2006. Exit u Evropu: popularna muzika i politike identiteta u savremenoj Srbiji. Kultura 116-117: 98-122.

Spasić, Ivana. 2006. „Distinkcija na domaći način: diskursi statusnog diferenciranja u današnjoj Srbiji“. U Nasleđe Pjera Burdijea, Miloš Nemanjić i Ivana Spasić (prir.), 137-171. Beograd: Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju i Zavod za proučavanje kulturnog razvitka.

Spasić, Ivana and Tamara Petrović. 2013. „Varieties of „Third Serbia““. In: Us and Them; Symbolic Divisions in Western Balkan Societies, Ivana Spasić i Predrag Cvetičanin (eds.), 219-244. Niš: Centre for Empirical Cultural Studies of South-East Europe – The Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory of the University of Belgrade.

Thornton, Sarah. 1995. Club Cultures. Music, Media and Subcultural Capital. Polity Press.

Žikić, Bojan. 2009. „Za šta su dobri žanrovi? Deljenje, razvrstavanje i razgraničavanje u strukturalnoj i kognitivnoj antropologiji na primeru muzičke kulture“. U Strukturalna antropologija danas, Dragana Antonijević (ur.), 326-361. Beograd: Srpski genealoški centar i Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Beogradu.

Žikić, Bojan i Miloš Milenković. 2018. Muzika kao sredstvo proizvođenja sociokulturne drugosti. Etnoantropološki problemi 13(2): 295-325. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v13i2.1

Živković, Marko. 1998. Too Much Character, To Little Kultur: Serbian Jeremiads 1994-1995. Balkanologie II(2): 1-16.

Živković, Marko. 2011. „Serbian Turbo-Epics: Genres, Intertextuality and the Play of Ironies“. In Balkan Epic: Song, History, Modernity, P. V. Bohlman and N. Petković (eds.). Lanham: Scarecrow.

Vidić Rasmussen, Ljerka. 1995. From Source to Commodity: Newly-Composed Music of Yugoslavia. Popular Music 14(2): 241-256.
Published
2019-03-26
How to Cite
Kulenović, N., & Banić Grubišić, A. (2019). “Turbo-folk Rocks!”: New Readings of Turbo-folk. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology, 14(1), 47–78. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v14i1.2